Bihar, located in the eastern part of India, is a state that boasts of a rich cultural heritage and history. The state has been a melting pot of several cultures, religions, and civilizations and this is evident from the numerous tourist attractions that it offers. From ancient ruins, religious shrines, and museums, to modern-day tourist destinations, Bihar has something for everyone. In this article, we take a look at some of the most popular tourist places in Bihar that are worth visiting.
Mahabodhi Temple, Bodh Gaya
Mahabodhi Temple, located in Bodh Gaya, Bihar, is considered one of the most important pilgrimage sites for Buddhists. It is the place where Buddha is said to have attained enlightenment and is therefore a very sacred site for Buddhists all over the world. The temple was built during the 5th century AD and is considered one of the earliest and finest examples of Buddhist architecture.
The temple complex consists of a large temple with a central tower, surrounded by numerous shrines and stupas. The main temple houses a sacred Bodhi Tree, which is believed to be a descendant of the original tree under which Buddha attained enlightenment. The temple is also surrounded by numerous monasteries, which were once home to Buddhist monks and scholars.
Visitors to the Mahabodhi Temple can take part in various rituals and ceremonies that are performed at the temple, including meditation, offerings to the Buddha, and circumambulating the temple complex. The temple is also a popular destination for tourists who are interested in learning more about Buddhism and its history.
The Mahabodhi Temple is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is considered one of the most important tourist attractions in Bihar. It is a place of great significance for Buddhists and is a must-visit destination for anyone interested in Buddhism or the history of India.
Nalanda University was an ancient center of higher learning located in the Indian state of Bihar. It was one of the most renowned universities of the ancient world, attracting students from as far away as China, Persia, and Central Asia. The university was founded in the 5th century CE and functioned until the 13th century when it was destroyed by invading armies.
Nalanda was known for its teaching of a wide range of subjects, including philosophy, astronomy, medicine, and law. The university had a vast library, the Sarvastivada, which was said to have housed thousands of volumes of sacred texts. The university was also known for its large community of scholars, including many who later went on to become great teachers and writers in their own right.
Today, Nalanda is an archaeological site and a symbol of India’s rich cultural heritage. The Indian government has taken steps to revive Nalanda as a center of higher learning, and a new Nalanda University has been established in the vicinity of the ancient site. The new university aims to carry on the legacy of the original Nalanda, fostering a culture of scholarship and promoting the pursuit of knowledge.
Sita Mata Temple, Sitamarhi
Sita Mata Temple is a Hindu temple located in the town of Sitamarhi in the Indian state of Bihar. The temple is dedicated to Sita, the wife of Lord Rama, who is regarded as an incarnation of the Hindu goddess Lakshmi. According to Hindu mythology, Sita was born in the area that is now Sitamarhi, and the temple is considered to be her birthplace.
The temple attracts a large number of pilgrims, particularly during the festival of Navaratri, when devotees from all over India come to offer prayers and participate in the celebration. The temple is also a popular tourist attraction, and visitors come from far and wide to see the beautiful architecture and learn about Hindu mythology.
In addition to its religious significance, the Sita Mata Temple also has historical importance, as it is believed to have been in existence since the time of Lord Rama and Sita. The temple has undergone several renovations over the centuries, and today it is a well-maintained and beautiful structure that reflects the rich cultural heritage of the region.
Vaishali is an important tourist destination located in the state of Bihar, India. Here are some of the top places to visit in Vaishali:
- Ashokan Pillar: This is one of the most famous landmarks in Vaishali and is believed to have been erected by the Mauryan Emperor Ashoka.
- Buddha Stupa: This ancient stupa is said to mark the spot where Lord Buddha gave his last sermon and announced his impending death.
- Vishalgaad: This was the ancient capital of the Vaishali Republic and is an important archaeological site.
- Raja Vishal Ka Garh: This ancient fort is said to have been built by the famous Raja Vishal.
- Coronation Tank: This tank is said to have been used for the coronation of the kings of Vaishali.
- Kundalpur: This is a famous Jain pilgrimage site and is believed to be the birthplace of the Jain Tirthankara, Lord Mahavira.
These are just a few of the many interesting and historic sites to see in Vaishali. Whether you’re a history buff, a spiritual seeker, or just looking for a unique travel experience, Vaishali is sure to provide you with an unforgettable experience.
Rajgir is a popular tourist destination located in the state of Bihar, India. It is known for its rich historical and cultural heritage, as well as its scenic beauty and religious significance.
Some of the main attractions in Rajgir include:
- Hot Springs: Rajgir is famous for its hot springs, which are believed to have healing properties and are visited by both locals and tourists.
- Vishwa Shanti Stupa: This beautiful stupa was built by the Japanese Buddhist community to promote peace and harmony. It offers panoramic views of the surrounding hills and is a popular spot for meditation and reflection.
- Griddhakuta Hill: This hill is considered to be one of the most important Buddhist pilgrimage sites in India. It is believed to be the place where the Buddha delivered several of his sermons.
- Saptaparni Cave: This cave is believed to have been used by the Buddha for meditation and as a place for discussions with his disciples.
- Bimbisara Jail: This is the site where King Bimbisara, a powerful ruler of the Magadha empire, was imprisoned and later died.
In addition to these historical and religious sites, Rajgir is also known for its natural beauty, including the beautiful Rajgir hills, the crystal-clear water of Rajgir lake, and the lush green vegetation that covers the surrounding area.
Patna is the capital city of the Indian state of Bihar and is a popular tourist destination due to its rich history and cultural heritage. Here are some of the main tourist attractions in Patna:
- Mahavir Mandir: This is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Hanuman and is one of the busiest and most popular temples in Patna.
- Takht Sri Patna Sahib: This is a gurdwara (Sikh temple) that marks the birthplace of the 10th Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh.
- Padri Ki Haveli: This is a historic building that dates back to the 18th century and is a great example of colonial architecture.
- Patna Museum: This is the state museum of Bihar and is home to a rich collection of artifacts and antiques, including ancient sculptures, coins, manuscripts, and weapons.
- Agam Kuan: This is an ancient well that is said to have been built by Emperor Ashoka and is considered to be one of the most sacred places in Patna.
- Gandhi Maidan: This is a large public ground in the heart of Patna and is named after Mahatma Gandhi. It is the site of several important political and cultural events and is a popular place for recreation and relaxation.
- Sanjay Gandhi Botanical and Zoological Garden: This is a large park that is home to a variety of flora and fauna, including exotic species of plants and animals.
These are just a few of the many tourist attractions in Patna. The city is also known for its vibrant street food scene, colorful markets, and friendly people, making it an ideal destination for travelers looking to experience the rich culture and history of Bihar.
Kakolat Waterfall is a scenic waterfall located in the Nalanda district of Bihar, India. It is situated on Kakolat Hill, surrounded by lush green forests, and is a popular tourist destination for people who enjoy nature and adventure. The waterfall is believed to have therapeutic properties and is said to cure several diseases. It is also a popular spot for picnics, photography, and trekking. If you’re planning a visit to Kakolat Waterfall, it’s best to visit during the monsoon season when the waterfall is at its fullest and most picturesque.
Sher Shah Suri Masjid, Sasaram
Sher Shah Suri Masjid, also known as Sher Shah Suri Mosque, is located in Sasaram, Bihar, India. It is a historic mosque built by the Mughal Emperor Sher Shah Suri in the 16th century. The mosque is known for its unique architectural style, which combines elements of Hindu and Islamic architecture. The mosque features a large central dome, several smaller domes, and a spacious courtyard surrounded by arched verandahs.
The mosque is considered an important example of Mughal architecture in India and is considered a heritage site by many. Today, the mosque is a popular tourist destination, attracting visitors from across the world who come to admire its beauty and historic significance. Despite the passage of time, the mosque remains well-preserved and is an important reminder of the rich cultural and architectural heritage of India.
Sonepur Mela, also known as the Sonepur Cattle Fair, is an annual cattle fair held in Sonepur, Bihar, India. It is one of the largest cattle fairs in Asia, and attracts thousands of people from across the country every year. The fair is held on the full moon day of the Hindu month of Kartik (October/November) and lasts for around 15 days.
The Sonepur Mela is a vibrant event that showcases a variety of livestock, including cows, buffaloes, horses, camels, and elephants, as well as a range of traditional goods, such as textiles, jewelry, and handicrafts. The fair also features a range of cultural events, such as music and dance performances, as well as competitions and games, making it a fun and festive occasion for all.
In addition to its commercial and cultural significance, the Sonepur Mela is also an important religious event, as it marks the site where Lord Vishnu is said to have lured an elephant to the spot by holding a large amount of corn. The fair is thus a popular pilgrimage site for Hindus, who come to offer prayers and seek blessings at the nearby Hariharnath Temple.
Today, the Sonepur Mela is a major tourist attraction, and attracts visitors from across the world who come to experience the unique blend of culture, commerce, and tradition that it represents.
Barabar Caves, Jehanabad
The Barabar Caves are a group of ancient rock-cut caves located in Jehanabad district, Bihar, India. They are some of the earliest examples of rock-cut architecture in India, and date back to the 3rd century BCE. The caves were carved out of solid granite and were used as residences and places of worship by Jain and Buddhist ascetics.
The Barabar Caves are known for their unique architectural style, which features smooth, polished walls and ceilings, as well as intricate carvings and inscriptions. One of the most famous caves is the Lomas Rishi Cave, which features a rounded facade and a horseshoe-shaped entrance.
The Barabar Caves are considered an important part of India’s cultural heritage, and are considered a protected monument by the Archaeological Survey of India. They are an interesting example of the early development of rock-cut architecture in India, and offer a glimpse into the religious and cultural practices of ancient Indian communities.
Today, the Barabar Caves are a popular tourist destination, attracting visitors from across the world who come to admire their historic significance and architectural beauty. Despite the passage of time, the caves remain well-preserved and are an important reminder of India’s rich cultural and architectural heritage.
Mahatma Gandhi Setu, Patna
Mahatma Gandhi Setu is a bridge located in Patna, Bihar, India. It is one of the longest bridges in India, spanning over 5.5 kilometers (3.4 miles) across the Ganges River. The bridge was built in the 1980s and provides an important transportation link between the north and south regions of Bihar.
Mahatma Gandhi Setu is a vital infrastructure project that has improved connectivity and facilitated economic growth in the region. It has also made it easier for people to travel between Patna and its neighboring areas, reducing the travel time and improving accessibility.
The bridge is named after Mahatma Gandhi, one of India’s most revered leaders and the father of the nation, who fought for independence and advocated for social justice. The bridge serves as a fitting tribute to his legacy, and is a symbol of the progress and development of the region.
Today, Mahatma Gandhi Setu is a popular tourist destination, attracting visitors who come to admire its size and engineering marvel. The bridge offers panoramic views of the surrounding area, and is a popular spot for taking in the sights and sounds of the Ganges River and the bustling city of Patna.