Op Tandon Organic Chemistry Pdf Free Download


Op Tandon Organic Chemistry Pdf को आप यहाँ से Free में Download कर सकते है, आप सभी छात्रो के लिए हमने Op Tandon Organic Chemistry का PDF File उपलब्ध कराया है! यह कक्षा 11 के छात्रो के लिए Physical Organic और Inorganic Chemistry की बेहतरीन पुस्तक है!

यह Organic Chemistry की बुक आप सभी को कक्षा 11 और 12 के लिए बहुत ही मददगार साबित होगा! साथ में यह आपके IIT और JEE के परीक्षा के दृष्टि से बहुत ही ज्यादा महत्वपूर्ण है!

यह पुस्तक O.P Tandon & A.k Virmani के द्वारा लिखी गयी है! और इसे पब्लिश G.R Bathla & Sons के द्किवारा किया गया है! इसमें आपको कुल 18 चैप्टर मिल जायेंगे !

  • Introduction to Organic Chemistry
  • Molecular Analysis of Organic Compounds
  • Classificailtion and Nomenclature of Organic Compounds
  • Isomerism
  • Mechanism of Organic Reactions


Op Tandon Organic Chemistry Pdf

A large number of organic compounds*have been discovered and isolated from natural sources by the first quarter of nineteenth-century but till then none of the organic compounds could be prepared in the laboratory.

This led to believe that organic compounds followed laws. of foundation different from inorganIc compounds. Berzelius assumed that some vital force (life force) was necessary to produce organic compounds and synthesis of these compounds iIi the laboratory was impossible due to the absence of this vital the force that only existed in living organisms.

The vital force theory suffered the first deathblow, in 1828, when·. ,¥ohler synthesized the first organic compound, urea, in the laboratory by heating ammonium cyanate (an
inorganic compound).

Op Tandon Organic Chemistry Pdf Download

आप सभी लोग Op Tandon Organic Chemistry को यहा नीचे दिए गये हमारे Download बटन पर क्लिक करके Download कर सकते है!

Book NameOp Tandon Organic Chemistry
AuthorO.P Tandon & A.k Virmani
Size75 MB


The nature of the covalent bond can be predicted on the basis of the values of electronegativities of the two atoms forming the bond. Electronegativity of an atom is a measure of its power to attract electrons that it is sharing ina covalent bond. The decreasing order of electronegativity of some commOn atoms which are generally encountered in organic chemistry is:

When two identical atoms are joined by a sigma bond, both· attract the cr-electrons equally. For example in C—C, H-H and F-F, the electrons involved in the sigma bond are
shared equally, i. e., electron density in the molecular orbital binding the two atoms together is the same around each atom. There is no development of charge on any of the two atoms. Such a bond is known as a nonpolar bond. When two atoms of different electronegativities are .. bonded by a sigma bond, the electrons involved are not shared equally. The more electronegative atom attracts the bonded.


In 1920 Latimer and Rodebush introduced the idea of. “hydrogen bond” to explain the nature of association in liquid state of substances like water, hydrogen fluoride, ammonia, and formic acid, etc. In a hydrogen compound, when a hydrogen atom lies between two atoms having high electronegativities, it shows a unique property of forming a bond or a bridge between them, holding one of the atoms by a covalent
bond and other by purely electrostatic forces (dipole-dipole attraction). This chemical combination between highly electronegative atoms of small atomic radius, such as F, ° arid N through a hydrogen bond is referred to as Hydrogen bond or Hydrogen bridge.

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